Russia plans to hold massive war games involving 300,000 personnel next month its biggest military manoeuvres since a Cold War drill in 1981. Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said the drills were justified given “aggressive and unfriendly” attitudes towards his country. Units from China and Mongolia will also take part in the exercises at military ranges in central and eastern Russia. The manoeuvres come at a time of rising tension between Nato and Russia. Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu said 36,000 tanks, armored personnel carriers and armored infantry vehicles would take part in Vostok-2018, from 11 to 15 September, along with more than 1,000 aircraft. “Vostok” is Russian for “east”. All of Russia’s airborne units and two of its naval fleets will also take part.
Mr Shoigu compared the Vostok-2018 exercises to Soviet manoeuvres in 1981, which involved a pretend attack on Nato. He said: “In some ways they will repeat aspects of Zapad-81, but in other ways the scale will be bigger.” Mr Peskov said the involvement of Chinese units showed Russia and Beijing were co-operating in all areas. The scale of Vostok-2018 is equivalent to the forces deployed in one of the big World War Two battles. A smaller-scale Russia-Belarus exercise was held in western regions last year. President Vladimir Putin has made military modernization including new nuclear missiles a priority. Russia’s armed forces are reckoned to have about one million personnel in total. Spokesman Dylan White said Nato was briefed on Vostok-2018 in May and would monitor it.
He said the organization was considering a Russian offer to allow Nato military attachés based in Moscow to be sent to observe the drills. He said in a statement: “All nations have the right to exercise their armed forces, but it is essential that this is done in a transparent and predictable manner.” He added: “Vostok demonstrates Russia’s focus on exercising large-scale conflict. It fits into a pattern we have seen over some time: a more assertive Russia, significantly increasing its defense budget and its military presence.” It has been increasing since Russia annexed the Crimea from Ukraine in 2014 and backed pro-Russian rebels in eastern Ukraine. Nato has reacted with an increased deployment of forces in eastern Europe, sending 4,000 troops to member nations.
Russia says the Nato build-up is unjustified and provocative. The poisoning of Russian ex-spy Sergei Skripal and his daughter, Yulia, in southern England in March did not help relations, with Nato expelling Russian diplomats. The UK and the US both Nato members say Moscow was behind the attack, although Russia denies it. Russian President Vladimir Putin again traded barbs with Nato last week over the alliance’s assets near the Russian border. Last week, fighter jets of the UK’s RAF in Romania were scrambled on two occasions to intercept Russian military aircraft seen heading towards Nato airspace from Crimea.