As monster storm Harvey unleashes catastrophic flooding in Houston, Texas, here is a list of the worst hurricanes and tropical storms to hit the US in the past 25 years, the deadliest of which was Katrina in 2005.
Hurricane Andrew is one of just a few storms to hit the US mainland as a category five hurricane the highest possible intensity on the Saffir-Simpson hurricane wind scale.
The storm, which leaves 65 people dead, strikes the Bahamas and southern Florida on August 24. Its 175-mile (280-kilometer) per hour winds tear through southern Florida, leveling entire neighborhoods and leaving millions of people without power for weeks.
Tropical storm Alberto hits Florida on July 4, 1994 and moves from from July 5-7 towards Georgia, dumping torrential rains there, as well as in Alabama and the west of Florida.
The rainfall recorded is more than five inches (13 centimeters) in many places with a record of 27 inches (70 centimeters) at Americus in Georgia, of which 21 inches (53 centimeters) pour down in a 24 hour timespan. The flooding leaves 31 dead in Georgia and leads to the evacuation of around 50,000.
Hurricane Floyd on September 16-17 leaves 61 people dead on the eastern seaboard of the United States. Floyd dumps 10 inches (25 centimeters) of rain on North Carolina and 13 inches (33 centimeters) in New York state.
Hurricane Allison makes landfall in Texas on June 5, 2001, before crossing Louisiana, Florida and Pennsylvania over a period of several weeks in which 35 die.
Torrential rains cause water levels to rise to record levels in Houston up to 94 centimeters (37 inches) in the port of Houston. The authorities estimate the damage at $5 billion, of which $4.8 billion for the city of Houston alone.
2004: Charley, Frances
Florida is ravaged in quick succession by hurricanes Charley and Frances in August, 2004. The toll of the two catastrophes comes to around 50 dead and economic losses total more than $20 billion. Water levels rise by 180 centimeters (71 inches) in eastern Florida.
A month after Katrina, the Gulf of Mexico is battered again when Hurricane Rita hits Texas and Mississippi overnight on September 24-25, leaving 10 dead. The authorities oversee the evacuation of nearly three million people along Rita’s path, during which 24 people die.
New Orleans suffers renewed flooding in areas which are deserted after Katrina. In the Florida Keys the sea level rises by 1.5 meters (4.92 feet).
Irene kills 43 people across 11 states when it blasts the eastern US seaboard on August 28, 2011. Hardest-hit is the state of Vermont, which experiences its worst flooding for 75 years. In the small state neighboring Canada, Irene drops the equivalent of two months of rain in less than 24 hours.
On October 29, 2012, “Super storm Sandy” slams into the state of New Jersey before rolling up through New York City, bringing hurricane-force winds to the densely populated region.
It leaves more than 120 dead, including around 40 in New York and causes massive flooding and ruined infrastructure. Damage is estimated at some $71 billion (59.5 billion euros), making Sandy one of the most costly hurricanes to hit the US.